You are to write a 3,000 word (+/- 10% excluding reference list) a literature review. Select a
topic of interest which is relevant to your pathway based on one of the domains from the NHS
Outcomes Framework (2015/16) informed by the NICE Quality Standard or GP Contract
Quality and Outcomes Framework (2015/16). Formulate a research queation relating to your
area of practice, undertake a systematic literature search of relevant sources, examine and
critically evaluate the relevant evidence-based information in order to identify the clinical
practice gap and make an action plan to address them to bridge the gap, which may form part
of your background to yout project in the Evaluating and Advancing Nursing Practice module
Module Learning Outcomes
Learning Outcome 1
Critically examine how evidence-based practice underpins their safe practice in healthcare.
Learning Outcome 2
Distinguish confidently between the different types of evidence used in nursing practice.
Learning Outcome 3
Critically evaluate the different research paradigms and approaches within evidence-based
practice, including qualitative and quantitative research methodologies.
Learning Outcome 4
Critically apply relevant research findings for patient benefit.
1. Introduction (200 words) An introduction generally need to answer these 3 questions.
a. What? The introduction must begin by clearly explaining what the essay is about.
Identify in your own words what is required in the assessment brief given above.
b. How? The second part of the introduction needs to outline how the essay is
structured. You need to summarise the details given in points 2 to 5 below.
c. Why? An introduction needs to articulate why the topic under consideration is of
significance. This should be evidence-based and supported with relevant
2. Background (500 words)
a. Briefly summarise what is already known about the topic, and how this relates to
your chosen domain from the NHS Outcomes Framework (2015/16). (Learning
b. Briefly highlight the key original research studies and guidelines related to your
topic that have been published in reputable journals/sources in your field of
practice. (Learning Outcome 2).
c. Explain and justify why the findings of the background studies indicate a need for
your review of literature. In other words, explain what already exists and the gaps
in what is known that will be answered during your review of existing literature.
(Learning outcome 1& 4).
3. Formulation of a research question (200 words)
a. Clearly explain the process you followed to formulate your question using the
PICO/SPICE framework. (Learning Outcome 3).
b. Explain the issue you are examining, its significance to your field of practice and
its relation to your chosen domain from the NHS Outcomes Framework
(2015/16). (Learning Outcome 4).
c. Clearly explain why the question you have formulated needs to be answered and
the reasons why it is important to your field of practice.
d. Clearly explain the improvements that will result from the findings of the review of
the literature. (Learning outcome 1).
4. Methodology (700 words)
a. Discuss the Literature search search strategy that you have used.
i. Search terms. Give details of the ‘terms’ you used to search for the literature.
ii. Briefly outline the type of studies that were included in your search and those
that were excluded. Give a rationale for this criteria.
iii. Sources. Identify the sources you searched. Briefly discuss the range of
materials that were observed during the search. (Learning Outcome 3).
a. Discuss the process you followed in order to identify the research papers/relevant
literature you have selected. You need to demonstrate that you have appraised
the research paper (You could use a tool such as CASP/Moule and Heck (2011)
guidelines). (Learning Outcome 3).
b. Discuss how you extracted data from your articles. Clearly discuss the tool you
used (for example, Timmins and McCabe (2005). Ensure that the data you extract
includes: research aims or hypothesis, research design, sampling, participants,
data collection methods, reliability and validity considerations, how data were
analysed, findings and their interpretations, ethical considerations and limitations
of the studies. (Learning Outcome 3).
A data extraction table needs to be included.
c. Discuss your approach to synthesis, for example, narrative synthesis. Give a
rationale for your approach to synthesis. (Learning outcome 3).
5. Discussion (1200 words)
a. Describe the literature obtained and confidently distinguish between the different
types of evidence. (Learning outcome 2).
b. Summarise the key findings or key themes that emerged from the studies under
review, highlighting how this relates to your chosen domain from the NHS
Outcomes Framework (2015/16). The emerging themes need to be logically
presented. (Learning outcome 3).
c. For each of the themes you have identified, discuss and critically analyse and
evaluate the relevant evidence-base. (Learning outcome 3).
d. Critically discuss and analyse the knowledge and clinical practice gaps and
discuss the actions needed to address these in order to bridge the gap. Apply
your research findings for patient benefit in line with the current Clinical
Guidelines and National Service Framework (Learning outcome 1 & 4).
6. Conclusion (200 words)
a. Summary: Summarise the key learning points that have emerged from the review.
b. Recommendations. Make recommendations on what needs to be done in light of
your findings and conclusions.
7. References. Appropriate referencing is an important element of academic writing. Ensure
that you have used the most up-to-date UWL referencing guide available from the library.(the referencing style for this work is cite them right)
Please be aware that the referencing guide is regularly updated.
(i am nursing, but my field of study is mental health,so i want the research or topic based on mental health,this work will be checked for plagiarism so there should be no copy and paste, my university is based in the uk)