Institution of Affiliation
Cultural StudiesSECTION A: Definition of terms
Stuart Hall- Jamaican- born British Marxist sociologist, cultural theorist and political activist.
Cultural studies- this is a field that deals with theoretical, political and empirical cultural analysis explain its historical foundations, defining traits and conflicts.
Ideology- A set of ideas, values and beliefs that is acceptable by a society or a socially acceptable group of people
Democratic pluralism- It’s a political system that has more than one center of power.
Articulate- This is the ability to speak fluently and coherently.
Economic determinism- A theory that assumes that economic relationships are the basis upon which all the other societal and political arrangements are based.
Cultural industries – term used by social thinkers to describe the popularity of culture in the capitalist society and how it functions like an industry in producing standardized products which produce standardized people.
Hegemony-The political dominance or control of one state over others through cultural or ideological means.
Michael Foucault- French philosopher, social theorist, historian of ideas and a literal critic.
Discursive formation-A cluster of ideas, images or practices that provide forms of knowledge and behavior associated with a certain topic or social behavior.
Larry Frey- A professor in the department of communication at the university of Colorado at Boulder whose research focus on applied communication as well as communication research methods.
Cultural factors that affect the selection of news
Selection of news can be influenced by the following factors, the media owners, editorial policies, advertisers, information sources, audiences and media managers.
Why Hegemony is not a household word in the united states. How would you explain what the term means to our friends? Can you think of a metaphor or an analogy that would clarify this critical concept?
Hegemony can be described as when one thing takes over another unexpectedly. It can be compared to something as a trend. Trends in fashion always take over society without anyone knowing where it came from or how it became popular. A metaphor for hegemony could be an infection it starts in one place and then progressively spreads everywhere.
What is your idea about the corporate control of mass communication in the USA?
Corporates are profit-driven, market-oriented newspaper and media system with an inherent tendency to lead to concentration: huge newspaper chains in which most cities have only one newspaper which eliminates competitionConsequences of corporate control include;huge barriers to entry for nonprofit media,
particularly sever problem for TV news Internet: could act as a meaningful counterweight to corporate-dominated news organizations