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Discuss how light and darkness (sight and blindness) are used in Oedipus the King.

Topic 4: Discuss how light and darkness (sight and blindness) are used in Oedipus the King.

Hello, Cheree! I have reviewed your essay for content, mechanics and grammar, so you can begin to make your revisions. Please remember that we are tutors, and we can point out issues in your composition, but we do not explain every problem nor can we change everything for you. If you see wavy blue, red or green lines, Word has indicated to you that there are errors you need to correct. My comments are in blue. Thank you for attaching the instructor’s assignment. I will consider your professor’s comments in my notations.

Consider this information when revising a paragraph conclusion-

Writing a Concluding Sentence to a Paragraph

The conclusion is the last sentence in your paragraph. Here are a few DO’s and DON’T’s of conclusion sentences.DO- Restate the topic sentence using synonyms.- Restate the topic sentence using a different kind of sentence.- Wrap up your paragraph.- Consider using transition words to signify the end of your paragraph.DON’T- Copy the exact wording of the topic sentence.- Include a new topic.- Focus on a small idea.- Start the sentence with, And now you know.. That is the reason… That’s what I learned about… or And that’s why…

I have enjoyed reading your essay. Thank you for choosing Upswing. Let us know how you are doing!

Christina, HCC Upswing Tutor

Helpful link:

MLA Works Cited PageCheree Jenkins

Instructor: Linda Rosenkranz

English 2332 World Literature

July 8th, 2022

The Theme of Light and Darkness in Oedipus the King

The play, Oedipus the King, was originally written by an ancient Greek playwright Sophocles in 750 BC. It was then translated and edited by Ian Johnson. The play begins with a description of a plague that had struck the Kingdom of Thebes. Oedipus begins looking for solutions to end the epidemic and sends Creon, his brother-in-law, to the oracle for advice on what must be done to save the city. Creon reports that the god revealed that to end the plaque, the killer of Laius, the former King, must be sought and punished. Oedipus puts [word choice: organizes?] up a mission to try to find the murderer, but in the process, he offends and threatens many individuals. He releases a proclamation declaring that he would expel the person responsible for the plaque[sp-plague] from his kingdom. However, in the end, it turns out that the King himself is the assassin. Throughout the play, Sophocles uses light and darkness as the play building block. Sight and blindness are used as allusions to the theme of light and darkness. This theme is used metaphorically and is depicted through two main characters; Teiresias and Oedipus. Sophocles metaphorically uses the theme of light and darkness to symbolize darkness, truth, and ignorance. [Revise for clarity as you repeat ideas. You can combine sentences to avoid repetitions. You have said the same thing at least twice. Express your idea once, strongly, and then move on to the next idea.]

Firstly, although Teiresias is physically blind, he is in light, holds reality on the ground, and sees the truth from the beginning. [Explain what you mean by ‘holds reality on the ground.’ This phrase will confuse the reader.] The light is the truth prophesied by Teiresias concerning the murderer of Laius, the former King. Teiresias knows that Oedipus is the killer being sought. He also knows Oedipus’s parents. In a prophecy, he revealed that the murderer of Laius; “will turn out to be the brother of the children in his house—their father, too, both at once, and the husband and the son of the very woman who gave birth to him” (Sophocles 550-560.18). Teiresias is also aware that Oedipus will lose his sight. Also, although Teiresias is blind, he is considered a symbol of truth. The entire Kingdom of Thebes knew Teiresias as a prophet who consistently foretold the truth. For instance, Teiresias is described by the chorus leader as; “…our god-like prophet, in whom the truth resides more so than in all men” (Sophocles 350-360.12). [As the second reference to this publication, you need not add Sophocles to each in-text citation since there is only one source. If your professor has indicated differently, always follow the professor’s advice.] This sentiment indicates that people in the Kingdom saw Teiresias as a beacon of hope and truth. Thus, it can be concluded that Teiresias’ physical blindness symbolizes light, truth, and knowledge of [the events in the play] what is going on. [‘What is going on’ is too informal. Use more academic language.]

Secondly, although Oedipus has eyesight, he is living in darkness and does not know the truth about himself and his past. Confirming this statement, Teiresias tells Oedipus that; “you have your eyesight, and you do not see how miserable you are, or where you live, or who it is who shares your household” (Sophocles 490-500.16). It is clear that when Oedipus killed Laius, he did not know that he was his father. This was due to a lack of knowledge about his family. He confessed that he had killed a stranger who insulted him. Confirming that he did not know whether he had killed his father, he goes ahead to ask; “If that stranger was somehow linked to Laius, who is now more unfortunate than me? (Sophocles 970-980.33) [Devise a conclusion summing up the important aspects of this paragraph.]

Furthermore, Oedipus is in darkness since he failed to foresee his fate despite the prophet’s warning. When Teiresias attempts to explain his vision to Oedipus, he is rebuffed and accused of banding together with Oedipus’ brother-in-law, Crepon. Here, Oedipus asks him “ is this something Creon has devised, or is it your invention?” (Sophocles 451.15). Oedipus initially rejects the prophet’s claim that he killed his father. He asks Teiresias for the second time what he has said. Teiresias again tells him that he is the man who murdered Laius. Enraged, Oedipus tells him, “That’s twice you’ve stated that disgraceful lie—something you’ll regret” (Sophocles 430-440.15). The fact that he denies the [act?] fact is an indication that he is in darkness. [Repetitious] Also, since Oedipus does not recognize Teiresias’ prophesy is an indication that he was ignorant of the truth that had been presented to him. After Oedipus refuses to embrace the truth (the light), which Teiresias presents to him in the form of a prophecy, in the end, he physically blinds himself ([symbolizing]the darkness) by taking away his eyesight. Oedipus chooses to go blind only because he is astonished that the prophecy came true and that the prophet had warned him about it [Explain what ‘it’ refers to. The event? The prophecy? Future events?] all along. If it were not for ignorance, Oedipus would have acknowledged Teiresias’ prophecy.

The theme of sight and blindness is presented as a metaphor where it symbolizes darkness, truth, and ignorance. Teiresias, who is physically blind, is used to depict light and knowledge. Teiresias holds reality on the ground and is aware of many things, including the King’s murderer and the Oedipus family. [‘Things’ is vague. Use more specific terms.] He also knows that Oedipus will lose his sight. On the other hand, even though Oedipus has eyesight, he lives in darkness and does not know the truth about himself and his past. He is not aware that he killed his father, Laius, and describes him as a stranger. Also, Oedipus is in darkness since, despite the prophet’s warning, he did not foresee his fate. [Good point.] Thus, based on the theme of sight and blindness, it can be inferred that physical blindness does not deter someone from being in the light and knowing what is happening around them.

Works Cited

Sophocles, E. A. Oedipus the king. [The Modern Language Association (MLA) sets style and format guidelines for papers in ENGL, the humanities, and the arts. Every detail is explained in the Plagiarism section of our Lib Guide. Add page numbers, publication information, or any other relevant information needed according to MLA standards.]

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Topic 4: Discuss how light and darkness (sight and blindness) are used in Oedipus the King.

Hello, Cheree! I have reviewed your essay for content, mechanics and grammar, so you can begin to make your revisions. Please remember that we are tutors, and we can point out issues in your composition, but we do not explain every problem nor can we change everything for you. If you see wavy blue, red or green lines, Word has indicated to you that there are errors you need to correct. My comments are in blue. Thank you for attaching the instructor’s assignment. I will consider your professor’s comments in my notations.

Consider this information when revising a paragraph conclusion-

Writing a Concluding Sentence to a Paragraph

The conclusion is the last sentence in your paragraph. Here are a few DO’s and DON’T’s of conclusion sentences.DO- Restate the topic sentence using synonyms.- Restate the topic sentence using a different kind of sentence.- Wrap up your paragraph.- Consider using transition words to signify the end of your paragraph.DON’T- Copy the exact wording of the topic sentence.- Include a new topic.- Focus on a small idea.- Start the sentence with, And now you know.. That is the reason… That’s what I learned about… or And that’s why…

I have enjoyed reading your essay. Thank you for choosing Upswing. Let us know how you are doing!

Christina, HCC Upswing Tutor

Helpful link:

MLA Works Cited PageCheree Jenkins

Instructor: Linda Rosenkranz

English 2332 World Literature

July 8th, 2022

The Theme of Light and Darkness in Oedipus the King

The play, Oedipus the King, was originally written by an ancient Greek playwright Sophocles in 750 BC. It was then translated and edited by Ian Johnson. The play begins with a description of a plague that had struck the Kingdom of Thebes. Oedipus begins looking for solutions to end the epidemic and sends Creon, his brother-in-law, to the oracle for advice on what must be done to save the city. Creon reports that the god revealed that to end the plaque, the killer of Laius, the former King, must be sought and punished. Oedipus puts [word choice: organizes?] up a mission to try to find the murderer, but in the process, he offends and threatens many individuals. He releases a proclamation declaring that he would expel the person responsible for the plaque[sp-plague] from his kingdom. However, in the end, it turns out that the King himself is the assassin. Throughout the play, Sophocles uses light and darkness as the play building block. Sight and blindness are used as allusions to the theme of light and darkness. This theme is used metaphorically and is depicted through two main characters; Teiresias and Oedipus. Sophocles metaphorically uses the theme of light and darkness to symbolize darkness, truth, and ignorance. [Revise for clarity as you repeat ideas. You can combine sentences to avoid repetitions. You have said the same thing at least twice. Express your idea once, strongly, and then move on to the next idea.]

Firstly, although Teiresias is physically blind, he is in light, holds reality on the ground, and sees the truth from the beginning. [Explain what you mean by ‘holds reality on the ground.’ This phrase will confuse the reader.] The light is the truth prophesied by Teiresias concerning the murderer of Laius, the former King. Teiresias knows that Oedipus is the killer being sought. He also knows Oedipus’s parents. In a prophecy, he revealed that the murderer of Laius; “will turn out to be the brother of the children in his house—their father, too, both at once, and the husband and the son of the very woman who gave birth to him” (Sophocles 550-560.18). Teiresias is also aware that Oedipus will lose his sight. Also, although Teiresias is blind, he is considered a symbol of truth. The entire Kingdom of Thebes knew Teiresias as a prophet who consistently foretold the truth. For instance, Teiresias is described by the chorus leader as; “…our god-like prophet, in whom the truth resides more so than in all men” (Sophocles 350-360.12). [As the second reference to this publication, you need not add Sophocles to each in-text citation since there is only one source. If your professor has indicated differently, always follow the professor’s advice.] This sentiment indicates that people in the Kingdom saw Teiresias as a beacon of hope and truth. Thus, it can be concluded that Teiresias’ physical blindness symbolizes light, truth, and knowledge of [the events in the play] what is going on. [‘What is going on’ is too informal. Use more academic language.]

Secondly, although Oedipus has eyesight, he is living in darkness and does not know the truth about himself and his past. Confirming this statement, Teiresias tells Oedipus that; “you have your eyesight, and you do not see how miserable you are, or where you live, or who it is who shares your household” (Sophocles 490-500.16). It is clear that when Oedipus killed Laius, he did not know that he was his father. This was due to a lack of knowledge about his family. He confessed that he had killed a stranger who insulted him. Confirming that he did not know whether he had killed his father, he goes ahead to ask; “If that stranger was somehow linked to Laius, who is now more unfortunate than me? (Sophocles 970-980.33) [Devise a conclusion summing up the important aspects of this paragraph.]

Furthermore, Oedipus is in darkness since he failed to foresee his fate despite the prophet’s warning. When Teiresias attempts to explain his vision to Oedipus, he is rebuffed and accused of banding together with Oedipus’ brother-in-law, Crepon. Here, Oedipus asks him “ is this something Creon has devised, or is it your invention?” (Sophocles 451.15). Oedipus initially rejects the prophet’s claim that he killed his father. He asks Teiresias for the second time what he has said. Teiresias again tells him that he is the man who murdered Laius. Enraged, Oedipus tells him, “That’s twice you’ve stated that disgraceful lie—something you’ll regret” (Sophocles 430-440.15). The fact that he denies the [act?] fact is an indication that he is in darkness. [Repetitious] Also, since Oedipus does not recognize Teiresias’ prophesy is an indication that he was ignorant of the truth that had been presented to him. After Oedipus refuses to embrace the truth (the light), which Teiresias presents to him in the form of a prophecy, in the end, he physically blinds himself ([symbolizing]the darkness) by taking away his eyesight. Oedipus chooses to go blind only because he is astonished that the prophecy came true and that the prophet had warned him about it [Explain what ‘it’ refers to. The event? The prophecy? Future events?] all along. If it were not for ignorance, Oedipus would have acknowledged Teiresias’ prophecy.

The theme of sight and blindness is presented as a metaphor where it symbolizes darkness, truth, and ignorance. Teiresias, who is physically blind, is used to depict light and knowledge. Teiresias holds reality on the ground and is aware of many things, including the King’s murderer and the Oedipus family. [‘Things’ is vague. Use more specific terms.] He also knows that Oedipus will lose his sight. On the other hand, even though Oedipus has eyesight, he lives in darkness and does not know the truth about himself and his past. He is not aware that he killed his father, Laius, and describes him as a stranger. Also, Oedipus is in darkness since, despite the prophet’s warning, he did not foresee his fate. [Good point.] Thus, based on the theme of sight and blindness, it can be inferred that physical blindness does not deter someone from being in the light and knowing what is happening around them.

Works Cited

Sophocles, E. A. Oedipus the king. [The Modern Language Association (MLA) sets style and format guidelines for papers in ENGL, the humanities, and the arts. Every detail is explained in the Plagiarism section of our Lib Guide. Add page numbers, publication information, or any other relevant information needed according to MLA standards.]

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