Discuss the main factors influencing the effectiveness of online learning.
Over the last decade, and especially with the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a significant trend toward the use of computer applications that facilitate learning and education. Computers are just now beginning to be utilized in schools, but this is a trend that is expected to continue. This has begun to manifest itself in a variety of ways, including the teaching of computer skills and the use of the Internet in education. E-learning is already a reality, with the purpose of teaching students in a manner that is both beneficial and efficient. It does this via the use of highly sophisticated computer systems designed expressly for that purpose. Ultimately, the perceived ease of use of e-learning platforms, strategies and schedules, the methods employed by online instructors, and student characteristics and prior e-learning experience are all critical and primary factors that influence the effectiveness of online learning.
Body Paragraph 1 Main Idea: Perceived Ease of Use
Students perform better in class when they believe the platform they are utilizing to study online is simple to use. Online learning platforms are designed with the aims of knowledge exchange and education in mind. Because we now live in a global culture, utilizing technology to study, get knowledge, and educate oneself is a daily must. These sources are simple to use and identify, making it much simpler to distribute knowledge. Several studies have shown that the usability, availability, and speed of transmission of mobile devices and online media are all critical components of the learning process. Because of the ease of access, online learning has become more flexible, yielding positive effects ( Rahmi, Birgoren, & Aktepe, 2018). Students’ perceptions of how beneficial e-courses were impacted by factors such as their overall impression, how comparable e-courses were to regular classroom training, and how attentive their teachers were. According to Elkaseh, Wong, and Fung (2016), how easily students utilize online learning platforms is closely connected to how well they do in school and how much they prefer online courses over conventional classroom settings. In online classes, reported ease of use, perceived usefulness, and perceived engagement are all determinants of student success and the overall effectiveness of online learning (Abdullah, Ward, & Ahmed, 2016). To summarize, perceived ease of use, perceived utility, and perceived interactivity are all factors that determine effectiveness of teaching and learning approaches since perceived ease of use is connected to how beneficial online learning is.
Body Paragraph 2 Main Idea: Approaches and strategies taken by online instructors
The function of the instructor is crucial whether a student is studying online or in a classroom environment. The degree to which students are satisfied with their online education will largely rely on the attitude of the teachers, their knowledge, their understanding of instructional design, their ability to plan activities, and their interpersonal skills. The most crucial element in determining how effectively online learning functions is the level of interaction between professors and students. It was discovered that one of the most important predictors of how effectively students learn online is interaction between the learner and the teacher and between the learner and the content. The findings indicate that interaction between students and professors and the effectiveness of online learning are strongly and favorably related. For online learning to be successful, many teaching methods must be used. For instance, educators must learn how to manage an online discussion without the normal visual and auditory signals (Nguyen, 2015). They do this by assessing the level of student engagement and formulating guidelines. Professional development and mentorship are becoming more and more crucial since technology is evolving so fast and because online training may make individuals feel alone. Online learning employs learner-centered tactics, while conventional education employs teacher-centered strategies. By incorporating pedagogical techniques, professional expertise, a degree of science and technology application, the capacity to construct and integrate various concepts, and practices, higher education online course material production may aid students in learning more effectively ( Delen & Liew, 2016). Students are more likely to be interested and take initiative when online teachers provide engaging course content, which in turn influences how well they do academically. This feature facilitates students’ learning of problem-solving techniques as well as analytical and critical thinking skills.
Body Paragraph 3 Main Idea: Student Characteristics and prior e-learning experience
Learners are better able to assimilate new material when they believe in their own educational potential. The belief that students can learn whatever is being taught to them is also important for their development. This is among the most crucial elements that make e-learning successful. The idea that some students may be better prepared than others to profit from e-learning has consistently drawn research. Numerous studies have been done to find out how personal characteristics like age and gender affect how well e-learning works ( Noesgaard & Ørngreen, 2015). The results of a recent study done by Torun (2020) revealed that when new technology and teaching methods are introduced as well as when more work is required, pupils have a propensity to struggle with learning. Due to this situation, students who are new to online learning may get irritated, which might negatively affect both their learning and the success and effectiveness of online education as a whole. The degree to which a student is already used to the format is one of the key elements that defines how successful they will be with online learning (Sun et al., 2008). The students’ prior experiences would play a part in deciding whether or not they would see ICT learning tools as beneficial and straightforward. The possibility that students will continue their education with following online courses increases with their degree of comfort with the online learning process and with the environment.
This discussion posits that the perceived ease of use of e-learning platforms, techniques, and timetables, the methods adopted by online instructors, as well as student characteristics and previous experience with e-learning, are all important and key aspects that determine the success of online learning. Students do better academically in the classroom when they believe the online learning environment they are utilizing to prepare for courses is easy to use. Two of the main drivers for the creation of online learning environments are the spread of knowledge and the progress of education. It is crucial to regularly utilize technical resources in order to learn new things, educate oneself, and do research since we now live in a global culture. The teacher’s involvement is crucial whether a student participates in their education in a regular classroom environment or via the usage of an online learning platform. Students’ satisfaction with their education from online courses will be greatly influenced by the attitude of the instructors, as well as their expertise and grasp of instructional design, ability to arrange activities, and interpersonal skills. The degree to which a student is used to the utilized format is one of the most crucial elements that will define their level of success with online education. The students’ prior experiences will have an impact on whether or not they consider ICT learning tools to be beneficial and simple to use.
Abdullah, F., Ward, R., & Ahmed, E. (2016). Investigating the influence of the most commonly used external variables of TAM on students’ Perceived Ease of Use (PEOU) and Perceived Usefulness (PU) of e-portfolios. Computers in human behavior, 63, 75-90.
Delen, E., & Liew, J. (2016). The use of interactive environments to promote self-regulation in online learning: A literature review. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 15(1), 24-33.
Elkaseh, A. M., Wong, K. W., & Fung, C. C. (2016). Perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of social media for e-learning in Libyan higher education: A structural equation modeling analysis. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(3), 192.
Nguyen, T. (2015). The effectiveness of online learning: Beyond no significant difference and future horizons. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 11(2), 309-319.
Noesgaard, S. S., & Ørngreen, R. (2015). The Effectiveness of ELearning: An Explorative and Integrative Review of the Definitions, Methodologies and Factors that Promote eLearning Effectiveness. Electronic Journal of E-learning, 13(4), pp277-289.
Rahmi, B. A. K. I., Birgoren, B., & Aktepe, A. (2018). A meta analysis of factors affecting perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use in the adoption of e-learning systems. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 19(4), 4-42.
Sun, P. C., Tsai, R. J., Finger, G., Chen, Y. Y., & Yeh, D. (2008). What drives a successful e-Learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction. Computers & education, 50(4), 1183-1202.
Torun, E. D. (2020). Online distance learning in higher education: E-learning readiness as a predictor of academic achievement. Open Praxis, 12(2), 191-208.