Topic 3: Discuss the Theme of hospitality in Odysseus’ visit to the Phoenicians.
Professor L. Rosenkranz
ENGL 2332 World Literature
June 26, 2022
The Theme of Hhospitality in Odysseus’ Visit to the Phoenicians
The poem, The Odyssey, was initially composed in Homeric Greek by Homer. It was then translated and edited by Ian Johnson, who published it in 2019. The tTheme of hospitality is extensively depicted in this poem. The protagonist Odysseus is known by the creatures and leaders in his journey back to Ithaka through the multiple island encounters. The warm welcome encounter determines the hospitality that forms the Greek culture’s important nature. Odysseus encounters several individuals who treat him with varying respect levels throughout his journey. People portray guests in different ways as hosts creating a mutual relationship and bonds which (that) get considered by the society’s morals. However, there exist instances where the host exposes the unwelcoming character to the visitor or the guest. Notably, the level of hospitality gets determined by the host and the gust (Spelling) in Odyssey. (The Odyssey). Therefore, Odysseus encounters a different recurring level of hospitality on his journey and after reaching his home at Ithaka, which provides the ethical morality of the characters and their relationships with gods.
The thesis statement is not complete. It should provide the 3 ways/reasons the main idea will be explained throughout the paper.
Hospitality gets depicted when Odysseus is treated with dignity by the daughter of King Alcinous, who directs him to the palace for the presentation in front of the King. Alcinous directed (directs = Verb Tense) Pontonous to prepare the wine saying, “Pontonous, prepare wine in the mixing bowl,/then serve it to all people in the hall, so/ we may pour libations out to Zeus” (7.25-28.39). The quote is not on lines 25-28 or on page number 39. For more information, rlease review the assignment handout.) Alcinous’s directive corresponds to his kindness and rational nature as a ruler who welcomes the stranger by appeasing the gods. Welcoming Odysseus depicts the King’s hospitality by welcoming the guest warmly with wine and good reception. Also, the King’s wishes continue to posit morality with gods, especially Zeus. The fear of Zeus prevents the occurrence of calamities by pouring libations. Consequently, Phaeacians hosting Odysseus during his washing off (on) a shore near the town depicts a great example of hospitality. Odysseus had met Princess Nausicäa, who offered him food without regarding the threat of a stranger that had become the rumored subject. (When writing about literature, try to keep verbs in the present tense, especially when discussing the plot or in summarizing.) After helping him with food, the princess helps Odysseus reach the city of Scheria. Also, the King and the Queen gave Odysseus lodging for rest, food, and entertainment, hence considering part of hospitality as a sacred duty to gods. After revealing his name to the community of the Phaeacians, the community granted (The use of this last word is confusing.) him to Ithaca, where he was left on the shore with various precious gifts, depicting the ultimate hospitality. action. Later, Odysseus spoke a thanksgiving word by appreciating the Queen, “O you divine queen,/I come here as a suppliant to you./Are you a goddess or a mortal being?” (6.4-6.35). This last quote does not appear in Book 6, Lines 4-6, page 35.) The word describes the thanksgiving granted to the queen through the in-depth description and good deeds which (that) created happiness for Odysseus.
The negative side of hospitality is depicted against the Phaeacians’ will when Odysseus encounters Cyclops. (Actually, Odysseus’ encounters with Cyclops are not part of his stay with the Phaeacians.) Cyclops acts as a representation of the extreme nature of bad hospitality towards a guest. It is important, according to the customs of the Greeks, that visitors should be asked about their identity after getting (being = Word Choice) granted their physical needs. The Phaeacians depict the post-identity mechanism when treating Odysseus with due respect through the provision of food, entertainment, and a place of sleep. However, Cyclops identifies the Greek visitor as a stranger. Before meeting Cyclopes, Odysseus pointed to his men, (The following quoted words make up a block quote, which should be introduced with a colon and then indented 10 spaces from the left margin. Since the quote is dialogue, the quotation marks should remain; however, if it were not dialogue, then the quotation marks should be omitted.) “‘my loyal comrades,/stay here where you are/I’ll take my ship and my own company and try to find out who those people are and learn if they are rough and violent/ with no sense of law, or kind to strangers” (9.3-6.53). (The quote does not appear in lines 3-6 or on page number 53.) Also, they ask with due disrespect for the identification of an individual visitor, the origin of Odysseus, in the process; Odysseus was begging (begs = Verb Tense) the Cyclops on their need to respect gods and the hospitality customs. The Cyclopes answered, (In the following quote, slash marks should be provided to separate the lines. For more information, review the rules and examples on Pages 4 – 5 of the assignment handout.) “We Cyclops never blink at Zeus, and Zeus’s shield of storm and thunder or any other blessed gods.-We’ve got more force by far” (9.6.52). (The line and page numbers are not correct.) Lack of hospitality continues to characterize the life of Cyclops when they fail to provide the meals to the strangers. In addition, Cyclopes ate the visitor raw by snatching two of the male (males? men?) from Odysseus’ men. Moreover, Odysseus had asked for the visitor’s gift but received a terrifying answer. The answer depicts that he would eat Odysseus last.
Body Paragraph #2 above should relate to Odysseus’ visit with the Phaeacians – not Cyclops.
Suitors continue to represent the immoral; behavior of guest that lacks hospitality. As described by Telemachus, the suitors had infested their palace night and day, buttered the livestock sheep and goats, and feasted themselves. Antonio, the speaker, continues to blame Telemachus, “Telemachus, you boaster,/ your spirit is too unrestrained/How you carry on, trying to shame us” (3.1-3.16). (The quote does not appear in the cited book, line, and page number.) The blame game depicted an immoral character in the absence of the King. The lack of a male head made the suitors take advantage of the situation, resulting in the consumption of the entire Odysseus livelihood. The suitors had taken advantage of the weakened household due to a lack of a male head leader to prevent them from the unhospitable act. As evident by Odysseus, (The following make up a block quote, which should be introduced with a colon and then indented 10 spaces from the left margin. Since the quote is dialogue, the quotation marks should remain; however, if it were not dialogue, then the quotation marks should be omitted.) “You dogs, because you thought/I’d not come back from Troy to my own home,/you’ve been ravaging my house, raping women, and…” confirms the injustices that portray the lack of hospitality conducted by the Suitors (22.13-16.144). (The quote does not appear in the book, lines, and page numbers.) As a result, society considered the behavior a moral outrage. Telemachus also encountered hospitality in his quest to find the father’s whereabouts after the Suitors’ misbehavior. (Please do not summarize. Provide textual evidence from the poem to show what you mean: quotes and in-text citations.) The son traveled through the seas, causing his arrival in Sparta, which led to a meeting with his father’s friend Menelaus. Menelaus welcomed Telemachus with his crew with luxurious baths and feasts. Later, he offered his friend’s son food to the east, a place of rest, and house luxuries that was affordable by the house. The hospitality granted to Telemachus reflected the father’s hospitality during the Trojan War by securing Menelaus at his home. Therefore, Xenias creates a good portrayal in the Greek culture because of no consequences, demands, or pride. (Avoid summarizing.)
Body Paragraph #3 above should relate to Odysseus’ visit with the Phaeacians – not at his home in Ithaka.
Hospitality remains the human moral character that involves helping an individual in need. (The meaning of this last idea is confusing. Hospitality is not a moral character.) It is depicted in the Greek culture in the journey of Odysseus (Odysseus’ = Possessive Case) back home to Ithaka. Odysseus was treated with dignity by the King of Alkinoos, his daughter and wife, the Queen. He was given accommodation, meals, and entertainment. Also, Phaeacians portrayed a high level of hospitality when they welcomed Odysseus. Princess Nausicaä welcomed Odysseus to her parent’s palace. In the palace, Queen Areta and King Alcinous gave a warm welcome, food, accommodation, drink, and poured libation to Zeus as thanksgiving. Contrary to the morality of Greek, Odysseus encountered negative hospitality when they encountered Cyclops. Cyclops had eaten all his men and regarded him a stranger. He also never recognized Zeus. Suitors continue to represent the immorality in hospitality where they squandered the Odysseus belonging with the knowledge that the head of the family was absent. (The meaning of this last idea is not clear. Be sure to proofread.) Therefore, the evidence of hospitality defines the rich Greek culture by depicting the life journey of Odysseus, his son, and the entire society of Ithaka and beyond.
Johnston, Ian, ed. The Odyssey: Selections. Broadview Press, 2019.
The only sources allowed in writing assignments in the class are posted in Canvas.
For more information, review the assignment handout.
Hello, Cherie –
Unfortunately, focus is missing. The narrowed topic was to analyze the theme of hospitality in Odysseus’ visit with the Phoenicians, not with Cyclops and the suitors in Ithaka.
Also, no quote is correctly formatted or cited. I’ve invested the last 4 ½ hours trying to figure out the ones provided here in the paper. The identification of Books is incorrect, as are line and page numbers. Without clarity, ideas are confusing, often disconnected, and lack logical sequencing.
The only sources allowed in writing the paper are posted in Canvas.
I strongly recommend that, if possible, you print out the. assignment handout and use a highlighter to go through the instructions – read more carefully.
Other areas that need work:
Capitalization of major words in a title
The title of the poem typed in italics, and both words are capitalized: The Odyssey.
The thesis statement should be narrowed and provide the 3 ways/reasons that the main idea will be explained throughout the paper.
Avoid dropping in ideas without providing textual examples from the poem: quotations and in-text citations. Without analysis, the paper is a summary or stream of consciousness, which is not the assignment.
Use only sources posted in Canvas.
Distinguish between using short quotes and block quotes. See the assignment handout for rules and examples.
Cherie, it would help if you worked with the tutors. They can help identify and resolve problems before you turn in a paper. And I’m not fussing – I care.
Review the notes and let me know if you have any questions.