Unit 9 Discussion Discussion Topic Task: Reply to this topic Modern, U.S. Foreign Policy Doctrines Since the 1900s most U.S. presidents have explained their foreign policy goals and interests through the use of a presidential, foreign policy doctrine. From Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality to the Bush doctrine of military preemption, presidents have introduced foreign policy doctrines to best serve U.S. interests abroad. Many foreign policy doctrines such as the Monroe, Truman, and Bush doctrines dictated wholesale diplomatic and military actions. In contrast to Truman’s doctrine of Cold War ‘containment’ the Bush doctrine stated that the United States will actively intervene overseas in order to safeguard American interests. U.S. military actions in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia demonstrate this new resolve. Directions: Select one U.S. presidential, foreign policy doctrine. •Provide a brief summary of the foreign policy doctrine. •Explain the historical circumstances that produced the military doctrine. •Provide a specific example when the military doctrine was utilized. •Analyze the short term and long term result of this specific example. •Evaluate the foreign policy doctrine in terms of U.S. self-interest and America’s international reputation. *Although you may pick any modern, presidential foreign policy doctrine relevant to this discussion – here are some notable, presidential foreign policy doctrines: Truman Doctrine Eisenhower Doctrine Kennedy Doctrine Johnson Doctrine Nixon Doctrine Reagan Doctrine Clinton Doctrine Bush Doctrine Obama Doctrine Although slightly edited for format: these ‘responses’ were crafted by undergraduate students: Discussion Board Example PART 2 ASSIGMENT Clash of Civilizations For the Unit 9 Assignment, you will compose a 500 word essay comparing Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilizations?’ article with one other political scientist and/or academic who has written a response to Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilizations?’ article. Within the introduction to Harvard Professor Samuel P. Huntington’s 1993, seminal political science article, ‘The Clash of Civilizations?’, the author noted, World politics is entering a new phase and intellectuals have not hesitated to proliferate visions of what it will be, the end of history, the return of traditional rivalries between nation states, and the decline of the nation state from the conflicting pulls of tribalism and globalism, among others. Each of these visions catches aspects of the emerging reality. Yet they all miss a crucial, indeed a central, aspect of what global politics is likely to be in the coming years. It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural. Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future. (Huntington, 1993) Huntington’s full article can be found here. Since Huntington’s article was published in 1993 many political scientists and/or academic have written in response to Huntington’s thesis – either agreeing or disagreeing with the Harvard professor’s ideas. However, since the September 11, 2001 attacks on U.S. soil, Huntington’s thesis has renewed academic discourse. Reference Huntington, S. P. (1993). The Clash of Civilizations?. Foreign Affairs, 72(3), 22. Within a 500 word essay please include •An introduction. •Provide a brief summary of Huntington’s thesis. •Compare and contrast Huntington’s arguments with one other political scientist and/or academic. •You will find a voluminous list of academic articles within Kaplan online library . A keyword search for ‘clash of civilizations’ is an excellent starting place.