I.GENERALA. Purpose: This emergency plan is intended to provide guidance in the event of an airport emergency in the case of Hijack Noted. It will be used by responsible airport officials to aid in reducing personal injury and property damage at Emirates Airlines Airport.B. Participation: This plan outlines all parties who will participate in response to emergencies. It will outline their specific responsibilities, and the capacity to which they will provide assistance. Participation from the employees as well as the surrounding community will be paramount in resolving conflicts safely and expeditiously (Chen, 2011).C. Deviations: In emergency conditions requiring immediate action for the protection of life or property, Emirates Airlines Airport may deviate from any requirement of Part 139 to the extent required to meet that emergency. In such an event, Emirates Airlines Airport shall, within14 days after the emergency, report the incident in writing to the FAA as specified in section 139.113.D. Maintenance: At least once every 12 consecutive calendar months, the Airport Director will review this plan with all of the involved parties to ensure they are aware of their responsibilities and that all of the information in the plan is current. Emirates Airlines Airport will hold a full-scale AEP exercise at least once every 36 months.E. Availability and Distribution: This plan will be distributed to all of the parties who have responsibility listed within. Additionally, the plan will be available on e-bay for the low price of 14 million dollars, and will be shipped promptly to anyone who wants it.F. Overall Responsibilities:1.Each section of this plan will outline the specific responsibilities for the situation at hand. 2. General responsibilities:1.The Incident Commander, normally an ARFF officer holds overall authority for emergency response actions, and will control and direct the on-site command post during all firefighting and rescue operations.2. The Airport Director is responsible for all airport facilities to include flight-line surfaces and their respective surrounding areas. After the fire and rescue operations have been completed, the command post responsibility will be assigned to the airport director.3. The Air Traffic Control (ATC) tower will remain responsible for air traffic, and aircraft movement both in the air and on the flight line (Liu, Wei, Shen & Wang, 2010).4. The commercial airline is responsible for their equipment, personnel, and passengers.G. Line of succession: Supervision of airport personnel during the emergency is as follows:1.Airport Director2.Airport Chief of Operations3.Fire Chief4.Chief of police5.The on call airport manager6.The tallest guy at the smoke pit7.A rodeo clownH. The following agencies have agreed to provide resources as listedMedical ServicesName Location Phone CapabilityGeneral hospital5 Miles Away555-121240-50 BedsTransportation/Medical AssistanceName Location Phone CapabilityJims Ambulance Service 123 Main Street 555-12343 Persons per trip Roeder Elementary124 Main street 555-12352 Short BussesNurse Betty36 DD HWY555-1236Registered NurseRoeder Mortuary5 Zombie Lane264-38455 deceased
A. Hijacking, either attempted or actual:1.Airport Director: a)Notify the followingb)Airport Policec)Airport Directord)Airline Managemente)Air Traffic Control Tower2.Police dispatcha)Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)b)Transportation Security Administration (TSA)c)State, and federal agencies on a need-to-know basis.B. Airborne Aircraft: The Federal Aviation Administration is responsible for directing activity during the hijacking of an airborne aircraft.C. Hijacked Aircraft on the Ground: The Chief of Police is in charge until arrival of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, at which time the FBI directs all activities. All other organizations will cooperate with these agencies as requested.D .Responsibilities:1.Control Tower:a)If possible, direct the aircraft to park away from the terminal; otherwise park as requested by the aircraft Commander or as instructed by the FBI.2.Police:a)Assess the aircraft parking area for location of a forward observation post to view the aircraft. b)Clear all unauthorized personnel from the area.c)Notify Transportation Security Operations Centerd)Assist the FBI in any capacity requested.e)Request assistance for additional security, if needed.3.Airport Chief of Operations:a)Coordinate with the Tower for aircraft parking position.b)Notify ARFF of need to establish a Command Post inside the ARFF facility. c)Issue the appropriate NOTAMS.4.ARFF:a)Cooperate fully with FBI.b)Stand by for direction.c)Prepare to receive command post personnel from affected agencies.5.Police Department will stand by for direction and make no attempt to stop the aircraft or apprehend the hijacker(s) without proper authorization and direction from the FBI.E.Additional Considerations1.In most cases, bomb incidents will involve other sections of this emergency plan, such as: a)Aircraft Incidents and Accidentsb)Crowd Controlc)Hazardous Material Incidentsd)Sabotage, Hijack, and Other Unlawful Interference with OperationsVIII.Power / Movement Area Lighting FailureA.General: Lighting (runways and taxiways) is connected to an emergency generator. This emergency power generator is checked weekly on Monday. It is capable of providing adequate electrical power for lighting indefinitely and has a 125-gallon fuel capacity. Movement area lighting is controlled as normal when powered by backup systems.B.Responsibilities:1.Airport Maintenance Superintendent [BACKUP POWER SOURCE OPERATING]: a)Ensure the emergency generator is operating properly.b)Arrange for refueling, as necessary.c)Call Power Company to restore primary power source.2.Airport Maintenance Superintendent [FAILURE OF ALL POWER SOURCES]: a)Notify Airport Management.b)Call the power company for emergency response to restore primary power source. c)Attempt to bring emergency generator online to provide power.3.Airport Chief of Operations [FAILURE OF ALL POWER SOURCES]: a)Close affected movement areas.b)Issue appropriate NOTAMs.c)Notify the following tenants and agencies:(1)Control Tower(2)ARFF(3)PoliceC. Additional Considerations1.In most cases, bomb incidents will involve other sections of this emergency plan, such as: a)Aircraft Incidents and Accidentsb)Crowd Controlc)Hazardous Material Incidentsd)Sabotage, Hijack, and Other Unlawful Interference with Operations
IX. Crowd ControlA. General: Effective crowd control measures during an airport emergency protect airport facilities and patrons, the emergency scene, and the emergency ingress/egress routes.Responsibilities:1.Police:2.Provide traffic control assistance for airport access roads 3.Direct responding emergency units to the designated staging area as they arrive.4. Establish a police line around the perimeter of the emergency scene.
5.Arrange additional security as for the Terminal Building, Gates, Parking Lots, and the ticket counter areas of the affected airline.
I. The following agencies can provide additional assistance:Name Location PhonePolice – nearby big cityMetropolis555-1237Fire – Nearby big cityMetropolis555-1238Nearby Military base South Metropolis555-1110State FBI OfficeMetropolis555-1239National Transportation Safety Board(800) 555-9876II.AIRCRAFT INCIDENTS AND ACCIDENTS AS IMPACT OF HIJACKA. Aircraft Emergencies will be declared by: 1.Aircraft in distress2.Air traffic control3.Aircraft owner or operator4.City of Dubai via 9115.A witness to the incident who notifies any agency listed above B. Emergency Alerting Systems (0600-2200 Local Time – Control Tower staffed):1.The landline system has a hot line between the tower, local fire department, and Airport Director’s office (Airport Management). Any one of these stations can call all of the other stations and all stations can talk and listen in conference. It is used in all alert phases to give specific instructions and information.2. The chime system is actuated from the control tower. It is wired into the terminal speaker system and can be heard anywhere there is a speaker, inside or outside of the terminal. The chimes are used to alert the airport’s management staff when they are in the terminal. 3. The siren part of the alerting system is actuated from the control tower. It is located inside the local fire department, and is used to alert of an aircraft accident, or Air Ground equipment fire that requires ARFF response.4. Radio communications consist of hand held, and vehicle mounted radios located in the: control tower, Fire department, police department, maintenance vehicles, and management offices.C. Emergency Alerting Systems after Hours (2200-0600 Local Time –Control tower not staffed):1.Dubai Fire Dept. can activate the alerting system in the ARFF station.2. The Dubai Fire Dept. can also alert the ARFF truck via radio if they are out of the station.Announcements using the Emergency Alerting Systems should include as much of the following information as possible:1.Alert Category2.Type of aircraft3.Nature of the emergency4.Runway to be used for landing5.Distance from the airport6.Estimated time of arrival7.Number of occupants, passengers and crew8.Presence of hazardous cargo or explosives9.Quantity of fuel on board Alert Categories at Emirates Airlines are as follows:1.Alert 1 – An aircraft approaching the airport is encountering difficulties.2. Alert 2 – An aircraft approaching the airport has a malfunction that affects normal flight operations and is in danger of having an accident.3. Alert 3 – An aircraft incident/accident has occurred on or in the vicinity of the airport.F.ALERT Actions:1.ALERT 1a)Control Tower:a)Activate Terminal chimes and ARFF alert tones.b)Advise ARFF units of situation.c) Coordinate with Airport Chief of Operations and ARFF to terminate alert.b)ARFF Captain and/or Chief:(1)This is notification only.(2)No response is required.(3)All units involved will standby.(4)Coordinate Alert termination with Control Tower and Chief of Operations.c)The Airport Chief of Operations:(1)This is notification only.(2)No response is required.(3)Standby.(4)Perform a FOD check of the runway once the aircraft is clear. (5)Arrange for any additional assistance as required.(6)Coordinate Alert termination with the tower and ARFF Captain.2. ALERT 2a)Control Tower:(1)Activate Terminal chimes and ARFF alert tones.(2)Advise ARFF units of situation.(3)Coordinate with Airport Chief of Operations and ARFF to terminate alert. (4)Describe emergency and direct units to appropriate emergency site.b)ARFF Captain:(1)Station truck(s) at appropriate emergency site. (2)Determine when aircraft is safe and notify tower that Alert may be terminated.c)Airport Chief of Operations:(1)Respond to the runway that the affected aircraft is landing on. (2)Perform a FOD check of the affected runway once the aircraft is clear. (3)Arrange for any additional assistance as required.(4)Coordinate with the ARFF Captain and/or Chief for termination of the Alert. 3.ALERT 3a)Control Tower:(1)Activate Terminal chimes and ARFF alert tones.(2)Advise ARFF units of situation.(3)Describe emergency and direct units to accident siteb)ARFF personnel will respond to the scene of the accident.c)Airport Chief of Operations:(1)Coordinate emergency response with the ARFF Captain.(2)Close affected areas as necessary.(3)Arrange for any additional assistance required.(4)Airport DirectorAssignment of Responsibilities1.Air Traffic Control Tower:a)Activate the appropriate alarm system.b) Control aircraft and ground vehicle operations c) Control airspace in the vicinity of the accident to ensure other aircraft do not interfere with emergency response activities. D) Contact 911, if an off airport accident is observed to verify that the Dubai Fire and Police Dept. are aware of the emergency.2. ARFF Personnel:a)Control and direct the on-scene command post during ARFF activities. b) Extinguish fires; help passengers and crew egress from the aircraft. c) Assist in identifying the injured passengers and crew and identify the location of the dead passengers and crew. D) Coordinate transportation of the injured to area hospitals. e) Be responsible for the extinguishing of fires, installing safety measures at the scene.3. Each Airline and Fixed Base Operator:a)Supply emergency contact information.B) Provide passenger count or building occupancy information. c) Provide information pertaining to any presence of dangerous goods. d) Remove disabled aircraft.e) Ensure employees are aware their help may be required until additional emergency personnel become available.4. Airport Director:a)Exercise administrative control over all aircraft emergencies around Dubai. b) Activate emergency notification procedure during the hijack situation (1) Notify the appropriate airlines involved of fires, aircraft accidents and fatalities. (2)Assist in obtaining passenger information and number of injured for the hospital. (3)Develop and implement a schedule to support 24/7 ops, if necessary.5. Airport Chief of Operations:a)Responds to airport emergencies.b) Close the airport, runways and taxiways, if necessary. Issue the appropriate NOTAMS. c) Assist in the establishment of the on-scene command post. d) Coordinate the designation of an appropriate staging area and establish the closest entry to the airfield from the surrounding roadway. e) When appropriate, announce termination of the Alert or other emergency response activities.6. Chief of Police:a)Exercise direct control over security.b) Determine law enforcement requirements for security, crowd and traffic control, as well as any additional security requirements (i.e., Terminal Building, Parking Lots, etc.). c) Ensure that the ingress and egress routes to the scene remain open and clear for emergency response vehicles. d) Coordinate any other law enforcement activities as required.7. Airport Maintenance Superintendent:a)Call in Maintenance personnel, as necessary.b) Coordinate the use of any Maintenance equipment to assist in the ingress and the egress of emergency response units. c) Assist the Chief of Operations with inspection and reopening the airport, runways, taxiways or areas of the airport that were closed. . III.BOMB INCIDENTS ANITIPATED THAT THE HIJACKERS MAY UNDERTAKEA. General: Every airport is a potential target for a bomb threat against the airport, aircraft, or aircraft owner/operator. Consideration should be given to limiting the use of radios at a bomb threat scene. No radio transmissions may be made within 500 feet of a suspected bomb.Bomb Threat by Phone Call1.Any Airport Employee:a)Notify the Police at the earliest possible opportunity.b) Listen closely to the voice, male or female, for quality, accents and speech impediments. c)If the caller does not indicate the location of the bomb or time of possible detonation, ask for the information. d)If the caller remains on the line ask for as much information as possible using the questions from a bomb threat checklist. e)Write down everything that can be remembered about the call, including the questions asked to the caller. 2.Airport Director:a)Notify:(1)Police(2)Control Tower(3)Affected Airline(4)ARFFb)If the threat is valid, additionally notify:(3)FBI(4)Transportation Security Administration (TSA)Search of Aircraft:1.Aircraft involved will be positioned as far away from the terminal as possible. 2. The luggage, freight, and the aircraft will be searched at the designated parking position. 3. Law enforcement officers or bomb experts will conduct the search. 4. If an explosive device or suspicious object is found, it will not be disturbed until personnel from the FBI arrive. a) The area will be immediately evacuated and the outer perimeter secured to protect the crowd from flying debris. b) The FBI will be for removal of all objects suspected of being an explosive device. 5. The search will not stop if a suspicious object is found.D. Responsibilities:1.Control Tower:a)Comply with FBI directions.b) Direct aircraft to avoid populated areas, if possible.c) Assist in directing aircraft to desired parking location.2. Police:a)Evaluate level of threat.b) Secure and cordon off the affected area.C) Notify Transportation Security Operations Centerd)Coordinate requirements of the FBI.e) Provide crowd control.3. ARFF personnel:a)AIRBORNE AIRCRAFT: Assume emergency runway positions as requested by the Control Tower or Airport Management. B) FACILITY OR AIRCRAFT ON GROUND:(1)Station ARFF vehicles 2500 feet from the aircraft or facility involved during search. (2)Maintain radio silence within 500 feet of the aircraft or facility involved. (3)Do NOT use ARFF personnel to search buildings or aircraft.4. Airport Chief of Operations:a)Close affected area of the Airport and issue the appropriate NOTAM(s). b) Provide assistance as required or requested by Airport Police or the FBI. c) When the search is complete and the area is deemed clear, open the area to normal operations and cancel the emergency.Additional Considerations1.In most cases, bomb incidents will involve other sections of this emergency plan, such as: a) Aircraft Incidents and Accidentsb) Structural Fires and Fuel Storage Area firesc) Hazardous Material Incidentsd) Sabotage, Hijack, and Other Unlawful Interference with OperationsIV. Structural Fires / Fuel Storage Area firesA. General1.All Airport personnel must immediately report fires to the Dubai Fire and Police departments by dialing 911. 2. Notify Airport Director at (800) 555-6666B. Responsibilities1.Airport Directora) Notify or confirm 911 call.b) Contact ARFF. If fire involves fuel storage area, notify ARFF personnel. c) Contact Police Department.d) Coordinate evacuation of any buildings with Police and ARFF (Hiltz et al,. 2011).2.ARFF:a)Respond to burning building.b)Contain the fire.3.Chief of Police:a)Assist ARFF if requiredAdditional Considerations1.In most cases, bomb incidents will involve other sections of this emergency plan, such as: a)Aircraft Incidents and Accidentsb)Crowd Controlc)Hazardous Material Incidentsd) Hijack
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