TITLE OF THE THESIS: DOES GOD EXIST?
The debate concerning god’s existence has been discussed a lot in human history. Philosophers have present arguments for and against god’s existence. Philosophically, arguments involve disciplines such as epistemology which refers to the nature and the scope of knowledge and also ontology which deals with the nature of being, existence and reality. Many arguments exist and can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical or subjective.
Plato and Aristotle are the most known philosophers who came up with discussions a about God. They made arguments which are today categorized as cosmological. Epicurus later formulated the problem of evil, Descartes, René, and Michael Moriarty (2008). He argues that if God is omnipotent, omniscient and also omnibenevolent, why is it that there is evil? Other scholars like, St. Anselm, Averroes and Aquinas and Descartes have argued that existent of god was logically important for the evidence of senses to be meaningful. Immanuel Kant argued also for the existence of God, he deduced his support from the fact that existence of good implies God exists.
DISAGREEMENTS AND ANSWERS
Argument for and against God in the modern culture are also evident. Scientists like Stephen Hawking and John Lennox. Feideists also acknowledge and believe for the existence of God. The Catholic Church maintains its knowledge in ‘’ natural light of human reason’’
Arguments for existence of God
Here there are 5 Aquinas ways. They are grounded on Aristotle Ontology.
. Unmoved mover asters that from the way thing s move in the universe, there must have been an initial mover.
Argument on first cause: He argues that it is difficult for a being to start itself. This is because, this individual must exited before it caused itself.
Necessary being. It asserts that beings are contingent. This means that it is possible for them not to exist
Argument from degree: good things must have been called good in relation to some standard.
Teleological argument: ordering can only be done to intelligent beings, meaning an intelligent being should exist to move the objects to their end: God
Here we talk of ontological argument formulated by philosophers like st. Anselm and Rene Descartes. In this case, God’s existence is self evident as follows: god is the greatest convincible being, it is also greater to exist that not existing and thus God exists
They draw their conclusions through inductive reasoning. It says that God’s existence is presented with a fairly large probability though not with absolute certainty. (Foundations of beef 1895). Other arguments include; arguments from reason, anthropoid argument, teleological argument. Hypothesis of intelligent design, argument from degree, and transcendental argument.
Arguments from historical events especially at the exodus and when giving the Ten Commandments to the people of Israel, resurrection of Jesus. Mormonism talks about appearance of God to Joseph Smith and other people.
Arguments from testimony
For instance the majority argument argues the theism of people. It provides many different ways of prima facie on God’s existence.
Those grounded on personal experiences especially on what happens from day to day makes many scholars to believe on God’s existence
Hindus believe on creator god (Brahma). In the school of vedama, existence of God is the law of Karma, Brahma Sutras (iii, 2, 38 and 41).
Those against God
Empirical arguments include; problem of evil, destiny of unevangelized and do not believe in God’s existence, arguments from bon believers, inconsistent revelations especially those of the Jewish Tanakh, Muslim Quran identifies contradictions in different scriptures of the Christian Bible about God’s existence.
the ultimate Boeing 747 gambit, the omnipotent paradox, the problem of hell, argument from free will and the anthropoid argument which asserts that if God was omnipotent, omnipresent and perfect morally, he could have created other moral beings and not imperfects humans.
Hindu arguments assert that there is no philosophical area for a creationist God. Since existence of God (ishvara) cannot be proved, thus he cannot be admitted to exist.
The existence of God cannot be proved or disproved. The Bible says that we must accept by faith the fact that God exists: “And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to Him must believe that He exists and that He rewards those who earnestly seek Him” (Hebrews 11:6). Even the Bible has quoted clearly that we shall have false prophets who will convince people that there is no God, but from thus context of the verse, i want to believe from my point of view that sincerely God exists.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
The problem about existence of God can be divided into axes. One is the theism and atheism positions. This two argue that God exists. The other axe is that of Gnosticism and agnosticism which positions of knowledge are. Apathies concerns are those ones which belief regarding practical importance on whether God exists. From the above discussion we find that there is evidence given which supports God’s existence in the universe. We can also not overrule various scholars and philosophers who are against God’s existence since they also present their own comments which might or might not be true, but nobody knows where the fact lies.
The Holy Bible
Descartes, René, and Michael Moriarty. 2008. Meditations on first philosophy: with selections from the Objections and replies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.