Tourism and Global Connections
Tourism is an industry that provides entertainment and travel facilities for people distant from their homes. Tourist is a traveler who is aimed at recreation such as sightseeing or a holiday (Trotman 2000, p.1).Tourism is a direct or in direct contact agent between cultures and results to changes in the developing world. Imperialism results where the alien society adopts religious, military, political or economic interests which are marked by the flow of power, the natives may voluntarily accept the tourists’ actions. Tourism is not confined to modern or industrial society but it is a persuasive social aspect. The productivity level sustains leisure. Tourism involves creation of tourist areas and transactions between tourist areas and productive centers. The transactions results to several consequences. Technology has led to higher productivity leading to development of travel facilities, and leisure classes. The result of industrial development has led to great productivity, with broad horizons and high social mobility to facilitate tourism. People have developed a desire to tour but it depends on the opportunity due to unequal distribution of resources. Therefore, industrialized societies tour continually although it may be interrupted temporarily by political, economic and military conditions (Smith 1989, p.38).
Tourist sites depend on the resources and needs of the people and productive centers. They are selected according to the purpose and accessibility. Native people participate in the establishment of tourism expansion. Cheap and adequate transport facilitates travel to the sites which should be different to satisfy the tourists’ needs. This could be described as beauty, charm, or excitement to meet the needs or expectations. Native people participate in creation of resorts and their resistance really matters. The indigenous people may use their power to promote or prevent touristic relationships. This affects nature and existence of tourism depending on their cooperation and development. The hosts and tourists are separated by strangeness, leisure distinction, and cultural differences. Tourists are not expected to adapt to the host society and the burden goes to the hosts which they choose to handle. This may lead to compromising their values and morals ((Smith & Robinson 2006 p.143).
Consequences of tourism result from the nature of contact between the parties. The parties, involved are different in power and productivity leading to a new social-cultural reality. The natives must adapt to the classes and groups in which they have to cater for their transport, accommodation, sort their problem s and make leisure provisions. The hosts may have social and psychological conflict due to unfulfilled expectations and competition involved ((Smith 1989, p.48). Existence and creation of mobile leisure class may result to heightened discontent or awakening and this may have psychological effects to the tourist. In the movie, the white tourists are paying attention to the native villagers, and take their photos. They then offer them some little money. The villagers have no choice but to adapt to their way of life and be friendly to them. This shows how the hosts are affected by tourism where they have to compromise their morals for the sake of impressing the tourists. This may affect their psychological and social-cultural system as a result of racism, class system and inequality (‘Cannibal Tours’). Touristic evolution results fro m endogenous and exogenous forces. Exogenous force emanate from metropolitan centre and address needs, sites creation and tourist host transactions. The hosts vary in enthusiasm in adaptation to social-cultural and service economy. These produce intrapersonal as well as interpersonal disjunctions giving a source of change which is endogenous (Gavin & Phipps, 2005 p.7).
Cannibal Tours’ clip 3 on ASO. Australia’s audio and visual heritage online.mp4. (1987)
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Gavin Jack, Phipps Alison. Tourism and Intercultural Exchange: Why Tourism Matters. Great Britain; Cromwell Press. 2005
Smith K. Melanie, Robinson Mike. Tourism and Cultural Change: Cultural Tourism in a Changing World.’ Politics, Participation and (RE) presentation.’ Great Britain; Channel View Publications.2006
Smith L. Valene. Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism (2Ed). Philadelphia; University of Pennsylvania Press.1989
Trotman. Careers on tourism; Your Questions and Answers (2Ed). Great Britain; Trotman and Company limited.2000