In geography maps are a standout amongst the most critical apparatuses specialists, cartographers, understudies and others can use to inspect the whole Earth or a particular piece of it. Basically characterized maps are pictures of the Earth’s surface. They can be general reference and show landforms, political limits, water, the areas of urban communities, or on account of topical maps, show diverse yet certain points, for example, the normal precipitation dissemination for a region or the appropriation of a certain ailment all through an area. Today with the expanded utilization of GIS, otherwise called Geographic Information Systems, topical maps are developing in essentialness (Gennady, et al 1577).
There are however applications for diverse types of general reference maps when the distinctive types are seen accurately. These maps don’t simply demonstrate a city’s area for instance; rather the diverse map types can demonstrate a plenty of data about spots far and wide. Maps are pictures of the Earth’s surface utilized chiefly as reference material. The data they show can be general or particular which makes them important instruments. With an assorted scope of data required by understudies, cartographers, and scientists, one kind of map is insufficient. Actually, a few types of maps exist with every one intended to fill an alternate part and give particular data.
A road map a standout amongst the most broadly utilized map types. These maps show major and minor thruways and streets (contingent upon point of interest) and also things like airplane terminals, city areas and purposes of enthusiasm like parks, campgrounds and landmarks. Major thruways on a map are by and large red and bigger than different streets, while minor streets are a lighter shade and a narrower line (Michael, et al 12). A map of San Francisco, UAE for instance would demonstrate the major interstates as a wide red line and other substantial streets as a lighter red with minor lanes as ash (United Arab Emirates). A standout amongst the most usually utilized types of maps is the map, essentially utilized for route. This sort of map shows street systems of a particular zone including major and minor interstates and more diminutive streets. Major interstates are typically indicated as wide red lines. More diminutive ones are less noticeable with lighter colors. Spots of investments, for example, airplane terminals, parks, landmarks, and city areas are portrayed here.
A physical map is one that demonstrates the physical scene peculiarities of a spot. They for the most part show things like mountains, waterways and lakes and water is dependably indicated with blue. Mountains and rise changes are typically demonstrated with diverse colors and shades to show help. Ordinarily on physical maps green shows lower rises while tans demonstrate high heights. An illustration of a physical map is one demonstrating the condition of Dubai (Dubai). Low rise beachfront areas are indicated in dull green, while the higher rises move from orange to dim tan. Streams are demonstrated in blue. Basically, a physical map demonstrates the scenes and gimmicks of a specific zone. Waterways, for example, lakes, streams, and the ocean are dependably indicated in blue. Area peculiarities are colored relying upon their height. When all is said in done, low-lying territory, for example, fields and waterfront ranges are green. Higher heights, for example, slopes, levels, and mountains range from orange to tan relying upon how high they are.
A topographic map is like a physical map in that it demonstrates distinctive physical scene characteristics. They are diverse however on the grounds that they utilize shape lines rather than shades to show changes in the scene. Form lines on topographic maps are regularly dispersed at normal interims to show height changes (e.g. each one line speaks to a 100 foot (30 m) rise change) and when lines are near one another the territory is soak. Case in point a topographic map demonstrating the Big Island of Hawaii would have form lines that are near one another close to the soak, high rise heaps of Mauna Loa and Kilauea (map of the Big Island). By difference, the low height, level seaside ranges show shape lines that are spread separated. A topographic map demonstrates the physical gimmicks of scene in a given zone. It is fundamentally the same to a physical map. The fundamental distinction is the manner by which it displays information. Rather than shades, this kind of map uses lines to show changes in rise. Called shape lines, these are dispersed at normal interims. Each one line speaks to a particular quality focused around the map’s scale. In higher height, shape lines are dispersed closer.
A political map does not demonstrate any topographic gimmicks. It rather centers singularly on the state and national limits of a spot. They additionally incorporate the areas of urban communities – both expansive and little, contingent upon the subtle element of the map. A typical kind of political map would be one demonstrating the 7 UAE Emirates and their fringes alongside the neighboring nations North and South. No scene gimmicks are demonstrated on a political map. Rather, it tells the peruse where political limits are. Lines are unmistakably stamped and diverse territories are typically shaded distinctive shades for less demanding refinement. Different subtle elements, for example, names and areas of imperative urban communities are portrayed also. It is a standout amongst the most well-known types of maps utilized for reference by understudies and the academe.
A climate map shows data about the atmosphere of a region. They can indicate things like the particular climatic zones of a zone focused around the temperature, the measure of snow a region gets or normal number of overcast days. These maps regularly utilize shades to show distinctive climatic regions. An atmosphere map for UAE for instance uses colors to show contrasts between the mild region of Victoria and desert locale in the middle of the landmass (Goodchild 19). At the point when checking for atmosphere data of a given territory, it is best to counsel an atmosphere map. This sort of map can indicate data, for example, normal number of overcast days, temperature runs, and normal downpour or snowfall. It is a snappy approach to tell the distinctions in climate phenomena of nearby zones. It is generally the sort of map utilized as a part of climate writes about the nightly news.
An economic or resource map demonstrates the particular sort of monetary action or common assets display in a range through the utilization of distinctive images or colors relying upon what is, no doubt indicated on the map. Case in point a monetary action map for Brazil can utilize shades to show distinctive farming results of given ranges, letters for regular assets and images for diverse businesses (UAE). Otherwise called, a financial map, an asset map demonstrates the kind of monetary exercises or regular assets exhibit in a range. It utilizes images or colors to portray this data. Case in point, shades may be utilized to show items accessible in a zone. Images may demonstrate commercial enterprises and common assets recognized by letters. Check the map legend to make sure.
A thematic map is a map concentrates on a specific topic or extraordinary theme and they are unique in relation to the six previously stated general reference maps in light of the fact that they don’t simply indicate common gimmicks like streams, urban communities, political subdivisions, rise and expressways. On the off chance that these things are on a topical map, they are foundation data and are utilized as reference focuses to upgrade the map’s subject. A sample of a topical map would be one demonstrating the populace change of Canada in particular areas from 1996 to 2001 (Desai, Simon, Haruhisa and Laura 978). The map demonstrates the topic it is endeavoring to get crosswise over to its crowd and uses a political map (e.g. one demonstrating the common and regional fringes of Canada) to provide for it to a greater extent a reference. In topography maps are a standout amongst the most essential devices specialists, cartographers, understudies and others can use to inspect the whole Earth or a particular piece of it. Essentially characterized maps are pictures of the Earth’s surface. They can be general reference and show landforms, political limits, water, the areas of urban communities, or on account of topical maps, show distinctive however certain subjects, for example, the normal precipitation dispersion for a range or the appropriation of a certain malady all through an area. Today with the expanded utilization of GIS, otherwise called Geographic Information Systems, topical maps are developing in vitality.
A thematic map is utilized to demonstrate a particular subject or point identified with a region. It could depict for all intents and purpose any sort of data from normal precipitation circulation, baby death rates, populace thickness, and enrollment to political associations. Gimmicks, for example, landscape varieties, political limits, and thruways are regularly overlooked. When they are incorporated, they are utilized strictly for reference. Maps are items seen by numerous individuals just about consistently. It appears straightforward yet few truly know their criticalness. Distinctive types of maps are utilized for an extensive variety of purposes for reference. They are vital devices for everybody from the regular person to college educators and experimental scientists. Maps comprehend generally confounding information and help give a superior understanding of the world.
There are however applications for distinctive types of general reference maps when the diverse types are seen effectively. These maps don’t simply demonstrate a city’s area for instance; rather the distinctive map types can demonstrate a plenty of data about spots around the globe.
Andrienko, Gennady, et al. “Space, time and visual analytics.” International Journal of Geographical Information Science 24.10 (2010): 1577-1600.
Batty, Michael, et al. “Map mashups, Web 2.0 and the GIS revolution.” Annals of GIS 16.1 (2010): 1-13.
Desai, Simon, Haruhisa Tamai, and Laura L. White. “Method and apparatus for enhancing vehicle navigation through recognition of geographical region types.” U.S. Patent No. 5,731,978. 24 Mar. 1998.
Goodchild, Michael F. “Twenty years of progress: GIScience in 2010.” Journal of Spatial Information Science 1 (2014): 3-20.