What were the risks and benefits to the subjects that participated in the study?

Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations – Draft

Student Name

NRS 433V Introduction to Nursing Research

Grand Canyon University

Due Date
Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Consideration- Draft

This is the introductory paragraph of the paper. It should state the topic and the article that is being summarized. It is best that the main study which is being critiqued is mentioned here in the beginning of the paragraph with appropriate citation.  The paper should be written in APA 6th edition format. This is an electronic template for papers written in APA style (American Psychological Association, 2010).The purpose of the template is to help the student set the margins and spacing.Margins are set at 1 inch for top, bottom, left, and right.The type is left-justified only—that means the left margin is straight, but the right margin is ragged.Each paragraph is indented five spaces.It is best to use the tab key to indent.The line spacing is double throughout the paper, even on the reference page. One space is used after punctuation at the end of sentences.The font style used in this template is Times New Roman and the font size is 12.

Background of Study

Each sentence should answer each one of the following questions: What was the clinical or research problem that led to the study? What was the significance of the study? What was the purpose of the study (what was the author hoping to find out by doing this study)? What was the main research question that was inferred inthis study? Were the purpose and the research questions related to the problem of the study?  (Do NOT just list the question or questions. Explain the answers to the questions objectively in a paragraph.)

Methods of Study

            What were the risks and benefits to the subjects that participated in the study? Were there risks and benefits that the authors did not discuss? If so what were they? Was informed consent from the subjects obtained by the authors? Did the subjects give their consent voluntarily? Was the institutional review board approval obtained from the same agency in which the study was performed?

What were the independent and dependent variables? Identify them separately and define them clearly. How was the data collected? Why did the author use this method? What was the time -period of the study (month and year of beginning and ending of study)? Briefly describe the sequence of data collection. How was the data managed? What was the method used to analyze the data? Was the rigor of the data management assured? If so, how? Was statistical software used? How was researcher bias minimized? What method was used to assure this bias was controlled in the data management of the study? Look at the grading rubric for additional criteria.

Results of Study

Briefly describe the results of the study in as few sentences as possible.Then answer the following questions objectively: What were the limitations of the study? How do the results of the study have implications to nursing practice? What is the opportunity for future nursing research of this topic?

Ethical Considerations

Briefly answer the following questions: Did the study receive IRB approval? Did the participants of the study receive protection of their privacy? Did the participants receive ethical treatment or was there lack of treatment of patients who participated in the study?


This paragraph is 4 or 5 sentences that make up the main points of the paper without minor statements or criteria. The rubric asks for the relation of the study to nursing practice and how the results apply to nursing practice. What is the summary of the knowledge that was learned from this study? This paragraph is the wrap-up for the reader.



Daresh, J. C. (2004). Beginning the assistant principalship: A practical guide fornew school administrators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.Example (Book)

Herbst-Damm, K. L., &Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(3), 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225. Example (Journal)

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication No. 02-2650).National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from (Government webpage)


((The reference list should appear at the end of a paperon a separate page. There should be at least THREEstudiesto support the conclusion statements made in the paper above. The list provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. A sample reference page is included above; this page includes examples of how to format different reference types (e.g., books, journal articles, information from a website). The examples on the page above include examples taken directly from the APA manual.Remove the above examples and instructions before submitting this paper prior to submitting this assignment.))

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