Three paths open to Canadians at the turn of the twentieth century
During the twentieth century, Canada went through many issues in an attempt to become as it is today. There were three distinct paths that Canadians went through, and they were Nationalism, Imperialism and Continentalism. Most Canadian leaders wanted to find ways in order to bring about economic prosperity. The latter took place during Wilfrid Laurier’s leadership, as the twentieth century began. In turn, many people migrated to Canada; there was the creation of new provinces, railways were built, as well as many people migrated to Canada. Liberals believed that, as a result of the 1911 Reciprocity Treaty, they would win the elections. Laurier was a defender of all matters that concerned liberalism, and he wanted to ensure that Canada became united. Canadians were happy with the work done by liberals and supported Laurier’s government. Laurier came up with tariffs, which improved the economy of Canada. In the year 1896, gold was discovered in Klondike. Many lucky people enriched themselves while others did not benefit in any way. Also, Dawson City grew significantly to become one of Canada’s largest cities.
A problem concerning slow population growth existed in Canada, especially during the confederation period. Immigrants preferred settling in the United States as the level of development was extremely high. Furthermore, Canadians were enticed by the presence of industrial jobs, conducive climate, as well as frontier lands in America. Clifford Sifton, the Canadian interior minister, came up with a plan to attract immigrants from Eastern Europe. Rivalry existed between French speaking and English speaking Canadians. Religion in Canada took a different turn after the settlement of groups such as the Mormons. Other settlers were from countries such as France, Ukraine, China, Britain, among others. It had reached a point whereby, the original Canadian settlers were not welcoming to Englishmen. Canada was affected by the rivalry that existed between Great Britain and Germany. In the year 1911, elections were held, and Laurier was thrown out, and Borden came into power. The business community that dealt in anti-free-trade, as well as Quebec nationalists, supported Borden. They wanted a president who would serve the needs of the conservatives. In the year 1914, there was a demonstration by some immigrants who wanted their needs catered to. Indeed, times were changing, and the government became aware of the immigrants power.
It would take a long time before the relationships, which Canadians had, with the state would change. This included elements such as races, gender, territories, as well as provinces. During the new regime, Canadians were on their way towards attaining continentalism. Furthermore, they had to find ways of adapting to the regime that existed. Many acts existed, and they sort to improve the economy of Canada. Some of these acts included the Citizenship Act and the Franchise Act. The acts lead to problems concerning the true Canadian identity, as most people were divided. Also, it led to discrimination among the Canadian people as minorities such as the poor and women were discriminated against. For example, Indians were not allowed to settle in the province of Nova Scotia. There was extreme resistance against white people belonging to the middle class. People believed that the latter carried out practices that were unfair, and mostly in matters concerning employment.
As the formation of the first nations took place, it became evident that women were being excluded from many activities. A community that is national had to be formed, as this sort of franchise never existed in the nineteenth century. Those in authority were now aware of how they were treating those under them. Ways had to be found in order to ensure that discrimination did not exist in Canada. Politicians did not do anything to addresses the plight of women and instead opted for less meaningful issues. As opposed to matters that concerned race, most people sympathized with the women. It is during the debates that took place in the year 1895 that matters concerning Asian and Indian enfranchisement existed. During the nineteenth century, suffrage of white manhood prevailed, and it ended in 1919. Women now had the right to vote, to be elected, as well as have a franchise. In fact, in 1940, security of a provincial bastion occurred, and this proved that women and men were the same. As the years progressed, till the year 1960, more developments took place in Canada.
No one ever dared to contest the authority of males who were elite settlers. In rare instances, Asian Canadians, First Nations, and settler women’s issues were addressed in the House of Commons. The debates, which took place in 1895, addressed vital issues such as human equality, emancipations and sexism. As Canada developed many people witnessed its unique transformation. In conclusion, many achievements took place in Canada during the twentieth century. Progress was made by various people who had ideals such as Nationalism, Imperialism and Continentalism. Indeed, Canada is a country with unique people who have evolved and now have similar political ideals.